Mamallapuram

Mamallapuram

Mamallapuram Boulder

Precariously balancing boulder. There is a makeshift enterprise working under it!

Mamallapuram Rock

Boulder near the Tiger Cave

Tiger Cave

Tiger Cave

Mamallapuram

Mamallapuram

Mamallapuram Shore Temple

Mamallapuram Shore Temple

Mamallapuram Beach

Mamallapuram Beach

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Shiradi Ghat

Shiradi Ghat

Abandoned bridge in Western Ghats. This is near the Shiradi Ghat near Sakleshpur on the way to Mangalore from Hassan.

Seen near the bridge is Kempu Hole river tributary to the Hemavathi River.

Abandoned Bridge

Abandoned bridge in Western Ghats.

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Padmanabhaswamy temple

Padmanabhaswamy temple

Sree Padmanabhaswamy temple temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu at Thiruvananthapuram.

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Thirumalai Nayak Palace

Thirumalai Nayak Palace

The 17th century palace built by the Thirumalai Nayak ruler of Madurai.

Thirumalai-Nayak-Palace

Dance Hall in Thirumalai Nayak Palace

Open_hall

The open air audience hall at the central atrium

Open_hall

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Madurai

Madurai

The oldest city of Tamilnadu.

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Kukke Subrahmanya

Kukke Subrahmanya

Temple dedicated to Lord Subramanya located in Subramanya village in the Dakshina Kannada District near Mangalore. The temple is surrounded by the evergreen forests Western Ghats. Here Lord Subrahmanya is worshipped as the lord of all serpents.

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Discovery of Ajanta Caves

Discovery of Ajanta Caves

If you look at the time lines, Ajanta Caves have had this peculiarity of going into a cycle of oblivion for many centuries, over its known history. Ajanta was an active center for many centuries during the Hinayana period of Buddhism. The oldest of the cave was probably excavated in 2nd or 1st century BC. The last of this series, probably a 100 years later.

What happened to Ajenta for another 400 or 500 years is not very clear. It went into an oblivion before rediscovered and patronised by the Mahayana Buddhists. This happened around 4th century CE, though the exact period is still debatable.

Ajanta then went through an intense phase.More than 20 of its caves were excavated during this period. This lasted probably till the end of 7th century CE. This time again, the circumstances for its decline is at the best sketchy.

However there are some patterns, the decline and re-emergence of activities at Ajanta coincided with other political and religious happenings in the region.

So when was Ajanta rediscovered again? About 1000 years after its second oblivion. This time we have a definite date :28 April 1819, to be precise !

How do we know that? The military officer during the colonial period who was on a hunting expedition ran across the arched window of a cave. He did a favor.

Right across the chest of a painted Buddha's image he scored, “John Smith, 28th Cavalry, 28th April, 1819″.

Little did he know at that time that he was vandalizing some of the beautiful ever murals the medieval world has created.

Nevertheless that mark still remains at the on the 13th pillar on the right in Cave 10. Where John Smith stood and wrote his piece os claim was a 5feet rubble that got deposited at the court of this cave over the centuries. That mark now stands about 10 feet high on that pillar.

What happened to Ajanta after the John Smith event is history!

By the way the last cave in this series was discovered as late as 1956.

Ajanta Murals

It's a challenge to photograph inside the dimly lit caves. Flash is prohibited, as it will deteriorate the pigments (think of 500 flashes a day on these paintings!). These are lit by fibre optic lighting.

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